The Shooting Association (SA) belonged to the most active Polish organisations operating in the field of physical education, sport and military training in the Volhynian voivodeship. In the interwar period, the number of members of the Shooting Association, who were recruited not only from towns but mainly from rural areas, increased significantly. In the period of the activity of SA in the Volhynian voivodeship the conditions for such operation improved, particularly in the field of instructor personnel. SA members practised various sports, mainly sports games, athletics, as well as boxing, cycling, football, water sports, shooting and table tennis. SA members participated in sporting competitions mostly at the local and regional level. An important element of the operation in the field of physical activity of SA was members’ participation in attempts to obtain National Sports Badge.