The purpose of this study was to investigate the risk factors for posture disorders in esports-men and master’s degree students of physical culture and sports. The research involved 37 sports-men and students. The research has found out that 32.4% of the respondents spend more than six hours a day on a computer. The research has proven that the posture of the respondents is most negatively affected by the reduced strength level of the lower extremities and torso, lack of active breaks during long work with a personal computer (PC), lack of awareness in the prevention of posture disorders when working with a PC, and neglect to control a PC user posture. The re- search suggests the structure of factors that negatively affect the posture condition of esportsmen and master’s degree students in the specialty “Esports”. The structure of risks for postural disor- ders contains three factors, that explain 66.2% of the total variance: “Failure to comply with the ergonomically optimal posture of a PC user”, “Disorders of the musculoskeletal system of esports- men” and “Lack of measures to neutralize the negative impact of esports activities”. It is necessary to develop and implement health-improving measures to prevent postural disorders and diseases of the musculoskeletal system in esportsmen and students.