The article is devoted to the issues of competences of physical education teachers in Ukraine. An analysis of selected issues of Ukrainian scientists in the field of theory and practice of the competence of a physical education teacher conducting their professional activity in primary and secondary schools of Ukraine was carried out. In most of these works, the professional competence of a teacher is defined as a system of the following components: theoretical professional knowledge, practical skills, ethical and moral attitudes, professional abilities and predispositions as well as professional experience. The work also presents, on the basis of many years of research, the results of the author’s own analysis of the level and scope of competences of a physical education teacher, which allowed for the selection of basic groups of competences necessary to practise this profession: praxeological, communication, creative, IT and ethical/moral competences. By using these competences, a physical education teacher is ready for effective didactic and educational activities at school. The level of competence of a physical education teacher is significantly conditioned by: the scope of professional experience (an important place in this context is occupied by the period of professional adaptation, which significantly determines the effectiveness of the teacher's work and professional identification), the policy of reforming the school education system (the teacher's attitude towards reform measures directly affects their individual professional situation) and the location of the school. Competences are constantly verified, and their level is checked in specific teaching and upbringing situations.