Szkolnictwo elementarne powiatu częstochowskiego w świetle raportów szkolnych (1817-1832)


  • Katarzyna Milik Uniwersytet Humanistyczno-Przyrodniczy im. Jana Długosza w Częstochowie

Słowa kluczowe:

Częstochowa, szkoły elementarne, edukacja


When the Kingdom of Poland was created in 1815, the educational matters were in the hands of the Government Commission for Religion and Public Education. In the early years, especially thanks to the activity of a minister Stanisław Kostka Potocki, the number of elementary schools grew. However, it did not last long as straight after him leaving service the situation changed. From the beginning of the 20s of the 19th century, elementary education was on the decline. This fact is confirmed by reports from the Częstochowa administrative unit, from the years 1817-1832. They clearly describe fundamental issues of the contemporary system of education. Above all, it lacked new school buildings and older buildings needed renovating urgently. In this situation, a rented room or a cottage frequently served as school premises. Accommodation conditions were rather poor. Additionally, there were not enough teachers. Not everyone wanted to teach in the country due to unfavourable circumstances. The teacher’s salary was low, often irregularly paid and sometimes not paid at all. Apart from this, it was difficult to work and expect any progress when parents did not send their children to school. As a result some schools were closed.






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