Physical Activity and Functional Fitness of Students


physical activity
functional fitness

How to Cite

Hes, B. P., Guła-Kubiszewska, H., Starościak, W., & Skorupka, E. (2024). Physical Activity and Functional Fitness of Students. Sport and Tourism Central European Journal, 7(1), 113–134.


Research demonstrates that 45% of Europeans do not participate in physical activity, and unhealthy lifestyle habits acquired during college years can persist into adulthood. Undertaking physical activity brings many benefits but also a greater likelihood of overload and injuries. The use of effective injury prediction methods enables the screening of the population, contributing to its greater awareness when engaging in physical activity, reducing the occurrence of injuries, and, consequently, influencing the health of society. The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between the level of physical activity and the functional fitness of students and to assess the risk of injuries related to physical activity. A total of 114 students (44 women and 70 men) aged 19-23 took part in the research. A physical activity level test (International Physical Activity Questionnaire-IPAQ) and a Functional Movement Screen (FMS) test were performed. In most subjects, movement patterns are disturbed due to asymmetries and functional compensations that require preventive measures and compensatory exercises. The risk of injury, estimated based on the FMS assessment, is 25-35%. Compared to female students, male students achieve, onaverage, better results in test samples classified as mobility patterns (MP); male students have better results in stability patterns (SP). Significant relationships are observed between intense physical activity and lateral stabilization patterns of the pelvis, trunk, and hips (FMS 2), trunk stabilization (FMS 6), and stability patterns (SP). Moreover, total physical activity shows a significant positive correlation with the trunk stability push-up.