Swimming is an Olympic kind of sport in which sportsmen demonstrate their technical skills and speed and also set worldwide records. The chosen sport combines the possibility of harmonious development of the body, well-being orientation, and emotionality. The predominant orientation of the training process in the groups of initial training is the training and improvement of swimming skills in sporting ways, the development of overall endurance, flexibility and speed of movement. The goal is to improve the technique of development of physical qualities of 5-6 year-old swimmers at the stage of initial training. Organization of the research. We divided a school year symbolically into 2 semesters. There was an in-depth study of swimming techniques like crawl and backstroke and familiarization with the elements of swimming in a dolphin way during the first half of the year (October-December). The second half (January-May) was devoted to improving such swimming techniques as crawl and backstroke. Results. It is important to determine the target indicators - the final and intermediate (current), which can be judged on the implementation of tasks; develop a general scheme for constructing a training process; determine the dynamics of training parameters and loads, as well as the system of restoration of work, aimed at achieving the main and intermediate goals in order to maximize the implementation of our methodology. As a result, the best growth of the results was in the tests: flexion and unbending of the hands in lying position: Control Group (hereinafter CG) – 9,71%; Experimental Group (hereinafter EG) – 15, 21%; body inclination forward in sitting position: CG – by 6,34%; EG – 12,62%; burpee: CG – 8,65%; EG – 16,34%; high jump: CG – 8,37%; EG – 14,03%. Conclusions. The obtained results testify the effectiveness of our improved methodology, which aim is to use specially selected exercises and has an alternative percentage distribution of all components of sports training.