In the article the rebuilding process of sport in polish education after the Second World War and the formation of a new model of school sports in the years 1945–1953 were presented. It was a special period of raising the country from the ravages of war. A new political system was introduced that had a significant impact on the development of education and a new organization of school sports. In the first years after the war the dynamic development of vocational education was particularly observed. New types of vocational schools were created. Many sport disciplines were promoted in schools. Additionally, new forms of sport competitions were introduced. In 1950 the Minister of Education published regulation that included school sports in the framework of education. The school sports groups organized in 1950 in all secondary schools, pedagogical high schools and higher organized primary schools gave students opportunity to do sport in additional time. The article is based on the existing literature and on the preserved archival sources and press materials.